The Miracle Worker by William Gibson

The story of Helen Keller is nothing if not remarkable. All of us know about her, but we may not know all the details of how Helen Keller came to become so well known. William Gibson’s play The Miracle Worker is a wonderful gateway into knowing a little more about how Helen was before she learned sign language, and more importantly, it is the story of her teacher Anne Sullivan, who gave her the gift of language.

Keller and Bell

Helen was a feral child, being made deaf and blind due to an early illness, before her parents decided to hire Anne Sullivan to tame her. Because Helen couldn’t hear or see, she had been coddled by her parents, who pitied her. This made Anne’s job all the more difficult because Helen, despite her handicaps, had learned to take advantage of others around her. Gibson, who has based his play on Keller’s autobiography, deftly shows the family’s crisis and Anne’s hardheaded attempts to make a breakthrough in Helen’s world. More of a play to see rather than read, it is still quite engaging and allows you to imagine the setting and characters in your own head, and on your own time. There is quite a lot to take in, and the incidents in the play leave you a little exhausted. As a teacher, Anne Sullivan’s patience and innovation were particularly impressive to me. The story is so unbelievable, that sometimes you have to remind yourself that this is not fiction!

Anne Sullivan and Helen had a long relationship till the former’s death. Helen Keller’s life should be an inspiration to all of us. Not only did she overcome her deafness and blindness, but she went on to write and become politically active. She was friends with Alexander Graham Bell and Mark Twain!

Here’s a video of Keller with her later companion and interpreter Polly Thomson:



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The Interestings and a failed attempt at reading non-fiction


(c) Sampada Chavan, 2007

My reading streak has been going very well this year and I haven’t allowed school work to distract me from my pleasure reading. In my excitement, I thought I could do something experimental – I thought I could read (and finish) a non-fiction book. Boy, was I wrong! Although, however stunted my reading experience was of Lucy’s Legacy, I did learn quite a bit. My interest in Lucy was piqued when in 2007 Houston’s Museum of Natural Sciences hosted an exhibit of Lucy’s skeletal remains. She, a 3.2 million old hominid, had come all the way from Ethiopia and had created quite a buzz. I had no idea how profound an effect seeing her would have on me, but when they showed a clip of Lucy’s life and death before ushering us into the small viewing room, and when I stood, in awe, in front of the glass case, I was driven to tears. Lucy had come a long way – metaphorically and literally. But reading the book didn’t quite have that effect on me. I suppose I am just not that scientifically inclined. Sure, paleoanthropology sounds exciting, but there’s only so much jargon I can take from one book. This is not a review of the book per se, because I didn’t finish it. But it was nice revisiting Lucy, even for a short while.

After the failed attempt at non-fiction, I was happy to pick up Meg Wolitzer’s The Interestings. Right from the start, I felt like I had read a book like this before. And then I realized it faintly reminded me of Donna Tartt’s Secret History. The Interestings is also about an unlikely group of friends that meet at a summer camp for creative teenagers. Ash, her brother Goodman, Jonah, Cathy, and Ethan are already friends when they include Jules, a plain girl with nothing as special about her as the rest of them, but who compensates with the help of her wry sense of humor. Jules and Ash strike up a close friendship that lasts all their lives, but the group of friends goes through upheavals and challenges that tear some apart and bring others closer.

The story, while mostly chronological, often becomes non-linear, much like our memories of time spent with friends. Wolitzer’s writing is very engaging and all but one character is really well developed and intriguing. Jonah’s story arc just doesn’t feel as appealing and almost seems forced into the story. Jules is, by all means, the protagonist, although Wolitzer gives almost equal importance to Ash and Ethan. But Jules is a flawed protagonist. Although she is a wonderful friend and normal enough for the common reader to identify with, she also battles with envy, which makes her a little less likable. On the other hand, the long-lasting friendship shared by the friends is enviable in and of itself. Ethan, especially, shows himself to a kind and reliable person – all of us would like a friend like Ethan in our lives!

Although I found the title of the book a little bit of a creative cop-out, it’s quite fortunate that the book is interesting.

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Lionel Shriver’s We Need to Talk About Kevin

If you bear a child that you simply cannot relate to, would you ever admit it? If said child is unlovable, do you confess to anyone about it? In this generation of Facebook and Instant Gratification, all relationships are always crisply perfect. Everything is shiny, happy, people! In reality, though, even a mother-child relationship does not come with a guarantee of ease. And if you wait for several years, debating whether or not you need to procreate and when you finally open yourself up to the idea of having a child and loving it, and creating a family — what if that child, and the experience of motherhood, turns out to be nothing like you’d imagined?

That’s what happens to Eva Khatchadourian. A successful businesswoman in her own right, and married to a man she absolutely loves, Eva and her husband Franklin have nothing missing in their lives. But a freak fear that after Franklin, Eva would have nothing left, drives her to decide to have a child. But Kevin, whom she earnestly gives her own last name, turns out nothing like she hopes. From the start and for good reason, Eva loathes her son and Kevin only reciprocates those feelings. Starting with his choice to not suckle at her breast, begins Eva’s sixteen year long struggle to love and/or accept her own flesh and blood. Eva’s decision to get into the mind of her son begins in the aftermath of his well-planned execution of some of his schoolmates and one English teacher.

The novel is written in the epistolary form, where Eva writes to her estranged husband, Franklin reminiscing, first, about their days as child-free husband and wife, and later with the arrival of Kevin, their strained and difficult family life. Through her letters, Eva attempts to understand, perhaps, what went wrong. Did she make mistakes in her nurture of Kevin, or was being a murderer his nature?

Lionel Shriver creates, with her brilliant writing, characters that are at once unbelievable, and yet very relatable in their drawbacks. What is irksome, though, is that Shriver’s prose is overly ornate and oftentimes cumbersome. I found the first 100 pages or so really gnarly and was ready to give up on the book (I am impatient!). But, I am glad I persisted. Because it paid off. Once in the middle of the book, I wasn’t ready to put it down. Then, I wondered, if Shriver’s elaborate prose wasn’t more of a reflection of  Eva, who is rather full of herself? Maybe, it was. And when I chose to read the book as written by Eva, it started to make sense. As a narrator, Eva is unreliable, and yet, we cannot help but believe her when she describes Kevin’s one horrendous act after another. She is our only perspective on the issue and we sympathize with her, even if a little reluctantly.

While the book does a meticulous job of describing how a mother of a murderous son might feel, there are several instances that leave you feeling exasperated. Why is Franklin such a gullible man? How can he trust his son over his wife at every instance of trouble? How can Eva let that be between her husband and her, and how is she not tired of this dysfunctional family? Why is she writing to her husband, in detail, everything that has happened? Shriver does answer many of these questions, but the reader needs to be patient.

In Toni Morrison’s 1973 novel Sula, the title character accidentally overhears her mother say “I love Sula, I just don’t like her.” Sula only reacts to that with a sting in her eyes, but she leads a broken life afterwards. Kevin, unlike Sula, doesn’t just hurt his loved ones, he kills innocent people and makes life a living hell for his mother. But like Sula, Kevin’s brokenness seems to stem from his broken relationship with his mother. And the flaw within that relationship, one that has been considered the purest and most wondrous of all relationships, is the flaw that makes this book worth reading.

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Kate Atkinson’s Life After Life 

The past month or so was spent in starting and giving up on some books and doing some quick readings like a book of short stories by Indian writers (neither great nor bad) and a Marathi book. After cleansing my palate, so to speak, I picked up the voluminous Kate Atkinson novel Life After Life.

As the verses unfold and your soul suffers the long day,
and the twelve o’clock gloom spins the room,
you struggle on your way.
Well, don’t you sigh, don’t you cry,
lick the dust from your eye.

- “Life is a Long Song” Jethro Tull

Atkinson begins with one of my most favorite  Nietzsche quotes about a demon who sneaks up to you and tells you that this life is the one you’ll have over and over again, a countless number of times. If so, would you rejoice? Or would you be hopelessly defeated? Ursula Todd, Atkinson’s lovable protagonist, is thusly blessed (or cursed). Ursula is born on 11 February 1910 and dies at various times of her life, ranging from being a still-born to suicide. Every time she dies, she is born again, and again. Unfortunately, she is born at a time when she has to go through one great duress after another – the flu pandemic of 1918, the two World Wars, the London Blitz, to name a few. But the little Ursula, who outlives some of these threats to her life, lives on and becomes a woman who doesn’t ever have a particularly easy life, and yet manages to be a heroic central character.

The first few chapters of the book, when the reader is just getting used to Ursula’s life and death cycle, are quite harrowing. We want her to live. We want her to experience life. And then when she does, Atkinson always keeps Ursula at the edge of a calamity, dangling death near her at every opportunity. There are times when Ursula’s death comes as a relief. By now, we know she’s going to come back.

The first quarter of the book, however, is as much about Ursula’s mother, Sylvie – a wonderful character on her own and worthy of her own book. As Ursula grows up, Sylvie is moved to the margins, often becoming more despondent and petulant. In fact, other than the drastic change in Sylvie’s character, most of Atkinson’s other characters are extremely well etched and likeable (even in their weirdness – like Maurice). The Todd family is exceptionally sweet, making you wish you could go over to Fox Corner one evening and have tea and cake with them. It is this creation of a lovely family that makes Ursula’s repetitive life an enjoyable read.

Atkinson is a very gifted writer. The novel is ambitious in its scope and, other than a particularly long section about the war towards the end, the novel is very entertaining. The author had me crying and laughing in a matter of pages. The Tarantino-esqe fantasy element, fortunately, is not a major episode in the book. Fantastically unbelievable, and unbelievably good – I’d recommend this book in a heartbeat.

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Mark Haddon’s The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time

Before I settled on this WordPress blog, I had a Blogspot and then because of its community feel, a LiveJournal. It was somewhere around my time on LiveJournal, the mid-00’s, that I heard, from practically everyone, about The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time. There were nothing but rave reviews, and the book became a much talked about thing for a few months and then, like a fashion trend, disappeared. I didn’t read the book then, but the hoopla around it helped stick the name in my mind (not that it’s a name one may easily forget), and so I happened to read it, last week, after so many years.

Curious Incident is about Christopher Boone, a 15-year old math whiz, who has some behavioral difficulties and lacks interpersonal skills. While the writer doesn’t specify Christopher’s condition, one may guess he has some form of autism. When Christopher finds out that the neighbor’s dog has been killed with a garden fork, and gets temporarily accused of killing him, he takes it upon himself to solve the case of the murdered dog. What begins as a simple murder mystery, however, takes Christopher on a roller-coaster ride where he finds out much more than he imagined he would.

While my book cover talked about Haddon winning a children’s fiction prize, I am not sure if I read the version for children or for adults. The content of the book seemed much too grown-up for being a children’s book. Christopher’s autistic needs and demands are a serious look into the lives of these children, their teachers, and their parents. It is not, by any means, easy to deal with and Haddon cuts no corners trying to depict that. That all of this is narrated by Christopher himself, helps give you a clear perspective into an autistic mind, increasing your sympathy for him.

And yet, there was something off about the book, for me. Perhaps this is a book that may be better enjoyed by a younger mind. Maybe I am too old and brazen for the innocence and childlike-ness of the book. I enjoyed Christopher’s sudden segues into puzzles, trivia, and little lectures on things he finds interesting. The story itself, I didn’t care for much. The narrative, with its incessant “And then”s made me palpitate a little. I am not good with anything repetitive, especially if that repetition lasts for 270-some pages. On the plus side, the book was a quick read and I don’t see why anyone should not read it.

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Steve Martin’s Shopgirl

There’s one kind of person that I like and admire – someone who can do multiple things. Sure, you can be really good at this one thing you do, and that deserves respect; but if you are good at a lot of things, you have an instant fan in me. Actor, comedian, musician, writer Steve Martin is, by that rule, really easy to like. While I was familiar with his first three abilities, I wasn’t quite aware that Martin wrote fiction as well. The author’s name and the brevity of the book piqued my interest.

Shopgirl is about Mirabelle, a glove saleswoman at Neiman Marcus. Like her quaint occupation, Mirabelle is an oddity in the artificial, glamorous, and superficial world of Los Angeles. Mirabelle is psychologically fragile and deeply lonely. She lives away from her family in a dead end job, is unable to make friends, and is not good at playing the dating game. In the midst of all this, Mirabelle is dependent on mood elevating drugs that help her stay away from a suicidal depression.

As likely as it may be in a plastic-ky, sterile universe like this, Mirabelle finds herself as the object of affection of two completely disparate men. Ray Porter, a millionnaire twice her age and Jeremy, a deadbeat guy her age who “stencils logos on amplifiers for a living.” What is similar about both these men is that they are both more self-absorbed than interested in properly pursuing Mirabelle. Will Mirabelle find a fairy-tale ending to her story? Will she fall in love with a man who loves her equally? Martin spins a short yarn with a very unlikely protagonist at its center.

Martin’s language is poignantly beautiful. While the story itself is nothing special or different, his characters are unique and easy to empathize with. The beauty of Martin’s novella lies in his very pointed view of the world. His metaphors and analogies are certainly male and modern, which makes his writing crisp and refreshing. For a man whose main profession is to recite lines written by someone else, Martin does quite well to pour his imagination onto the paper. I’d recommend you spend a day (or a few hours, if you are a fast reader) and read Shopgirl.

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Haruki Murakami’s Kafka on the Shore

There are certain times of the year when Haruki Murakami is the only writer that I want
to read. Since I have only read three books by him, and there are many unread ones left, I have a lot to select from. I picked up Kafka on the Shore sometime in March, but I just came around to reading it, and there was a point in the book where I came close to giving up on it. But I didn’t… Yay, me!

Kafka on the Shore is about Kafka Tamura, a fifteen year old troubled teen, who runs away from home in search of his estranged mother and sister. Kafka hasn’t ever received any affection from his father, and although he feels abandoned by his mother, he still wants to look for her and rekindle a relationship that he hopes will make his life feel worthwhile. To cope with his troubles, Kafka often breaks himself into an alternate personality, a boy called Crow, who helps him communicate clearly in difficult times.

Simultaneously, there’s Nakata, an aging, simple man, who lost his ability to read, write, or be “normal” after an accident during the second World War. Nakata can talk to cats, however, and makes a living finding lost cats. While the only thing that Nakata and Kafka have in common is the area in which they live, a murder of a common enemy ties the fate of the two forever.

While the magical realism of Kafka is quite enjoyable and typical of a Murakami book, there was just something off about this novel. I liked the character of Nakata and Oshima a lot, and they were the reasons I kept reading the book. Usually, though, I am fond of every Murakami character (he just manages to do that!). Kafka was a weak protagonist. But this might be deliberate because he is only fifteen. There isn’t enough background about his prior relationships to support the urgency in his run away from home. It seems awkward and too simple for a fifteen year old to just up and go, and survive without any major difficulty.

Long-winded, complex, and deeply philosophical conversations between characters are the high point of Murakami’s books. There were several here (sometimes between humans and cats, too!); but many felt stilted, and I read over them to get to the meaty, narrative parts. The Oedipal angle also seemed forced, but it’s one of my favorite stories, so I am ready to give that one a pass.

The middle of the novel is its best part. The beginning takes too long to take off, and the ending doesn’t come soon enough – but the middle is just right. I wish I had better things to say about the book, but for me, it was just about a meh. I also have a minor gripe about the translator’s overuse of the contraction of is as ‘s. Once I started noticing that, I couldn’t stop. Have any of you read Kafka? Please tell me your thoughts on the book.

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